Professional groups specialising in the manufacture of cosmetic products have drawn up a list of labels and certifications. Their main aim is to ensure the quality of the products supplied to consumers. The existence of labels is based on more or less strict rules. What about the meaning, the different types and the advantages of cosmetic labels?
Meaning of cosmetic labels
The cosmetic label is a guarantee to consumers on the origin, quality and manufacturing method of the products they use. It is affixed and highlighted on lipsticks, foundations, mascaras... In principle, this affixing is at the initiative of manufacturers who wish to reassure their customers.
The label is not to be confused with certification. As its name suggests, the latter proves that the product complies with legal standards. The criteria for certification are therefore regulated by law.
Characteristics of organic cosmetic products
The organic designation corresponds only to products that meet these criteria:
At least 90% of the ingredients in the productsare natural.
Health professionals recommend the use of natural products to avoid or at least limit the harmful effects of conventional products on the body. These include products of animal origin and those that use pesticides. Manufacturers of cosmetic products are increasingly aware of their harmful impact on the health of consumers. They aim to minimize their use.
Ingredients include as many active products as possible
The organic product must be more effective than the conventional product. It is imperative that it contains at least 20 times as many active products as the conventional product.
Products that are not very aggressive and that the body can easily assimilate.
The organic product must preserve the health and well-being of the body. It excludes, for example, products that clog pores and irritate the skin.
Apart from this, respect for the environment is a detail that should not be neglected. The organic product must in no way compromise either biodiversity or the natural balance of the environment.
Some cosmetic labels to know
The main organic labels include :
Cosmébio organic label
Cosmébio is, without a doubt, one of the best known organic labels for cosmetics manufacturers in France. This label promotes organic and natural products. Products with the Cosmébio label must bear the "Bio", "Nat" and "Bio - Cosmos Organic" logos.
The "Bio" logo indicates that the product contains at least 95% natural components or components of natural origin. Then, at least 95% of the plants of which it is composed must be organic. The entire product must be made up of at least 10% organic ingredients.
The "Nat" logo proves that the product uses a significantly reduced level of petrochemicals.
As for the "Bio - Cosmos Organic" logo, it is affixed to products that contain at least 95% organic and natural ingredients or ingredients of natural origin. In addition, this label requires that the entire product contains at least 20% of ingredients from organic farming.
The NATRUE logo is affixed to products made with 100% natural ingredients. However, derived natural and nature-identical ingredients are also allowed. This category therefore excludes products that contain petrochemical or nature-identical substances.
This label promotes the naturalness of products used on the body to preserve its health and well-being.
Nature and Progress
The Nature et Progrès label proves that the manufacturing process of the product respects the environment. This also includes respect for biodiversity, resources, animal welfare... To benefit from this label, the product must contain only ingredients from organic farming.
This label can also be applied to food and cleaning products.
Until 2019, 17 official vegan labels have been registered worldwide. This label requires that the product must not contain ingredients of animal origin. In addition, the product must not be manufactured using any animal ingredients, even if processed.
Products that have obtained the vegan label therefore do not contain animal flesh and fat, ingredients from slaughterhouse waste, etc. However, the specifications for the manufacture of products with the vegan label authorize the use of certain ingredients from animals: milk, beeswax, honey, etc.
Note that it is still important to differentiate between organic and natural cosmetics. Indeed, the raw materials used to manufacture the latter come from nature: plants, animals, etc..
The control of the conformity of the products to the specifications is the responsibility of independent certification bodies. These inspectors carry out an annual verification of products that have received the organic label to guarantee their quality.